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Mayflower Compact: Background and Significance (Grade 8)

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Mayflower Compact: Background and Significance

1. 
How did religious warfare in Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries play a role in the migration of the pilgrims to the New World?



2. 
In the 16th and early 17th centuries, the Church of England was the only legal church in England.
  1. True
  2. False
3. 
In the 16th and early 17th centuries, it was considered                                     to refuse membership in the Church of England.
4. 
Describe the pilgrims. Who were they, what did they believe, and why did they flee England?



5. 
Although they had their differences, what common ground did the Puritans and Separatists have?
  1. They both wanted to keep the same method of Holy Communion.
  2. Neither believed in the resurrection of Jesus.
  3. They both wanted to worship God in their own way.
  4. They both believed in salvation by works.
6. 
The Mayflower was originally headed to the colony of Virginia and not New England.
  1. True
  2. False
7. 
What initial problem did the pilgrims face even before they left the Mayflower and went ashore?



8. 
Why did the colonists consider it important to write the Mayflower Compact?
  1. They needed an official document to show the natives that they could start building their colony.
  2. They knew they would all have to work together if they were to survive in the New World.
  3. The captain told them they would have to sign the paper before they could leave the ship.
  4. They wanted a system of government with a president and a congress.
9. 
What was the purpose of the Mayflower Compact?
  1. to ensure that only pilgrims governed
  2. to establish a state religion
  3. to establish laws for the general good
  4. to persecute those with certain beliefs
10. 
What older English phrase is used in the Mayflower Compact to mean a group of people who cooperate to create a set of rules by which to live?
  1. civil body politic
  2. all due submission
  3. we whose names are underwritten
  4. in witness whereof we have hereunder subscribed
11. 
What is a covenant?



12. 
What is a social contract?



13. 
The Mayflower Compact brought an element of                                           to America.
14. 
What type of "Laws, Ordinances, Acts" did the pilgrims agree to make?
  1. virtuous laws
  2. laws which were enforceable
  3. laws applicable to just a few
  4. just and equal laws
15. 
The Mayflower Compact was an example of the practice of                                      in the colonies.
16. 
For a government to be legitimate, it must have the                      of the governed.
17. 
What founding document was influenced by the Mayflower Compact?
  1. Magna Carta
  2. U.S. Constitution
  3. U.N. Declaration of Human Rights
  4. Virginia Declaration of Rights
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