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Weather and Climate (Grade 5)

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Weather and Climate

                is a process in the water cycle where water vapor rises into the atmosphere.
  1. Precipitation
  2. Runoff
  3. Condensation
  4. Evaporation
Rain, sleet, hail, and snow are all part of the                 process in the water cycle.
  1. transpiration
  2. evaporation
  3. precipitation
  4. condensation
Weather is determined mainly by the conditions in the
  1. thermosphere.
  2. mesosphere.
  3. troposphere.
  4. stratosphere.
High pressure systems have                 weather and are                .
  1. rainy, stable
  2. clear, stable
  3. rainy, unstable
  4. clear, unstable
What force is behind all weather on Earth?
  1. Wind
  2. Gravity
  3. Earth's rotation
  4. Energy from the Sun
The amount of water vapor held in the air is
  1. rain.
  2. humidity.
  3. air pressure.
  4. clouds.
Atmospheric conditions for a long period of time is called                .
  1. weather
  2. climate
  3. humidity
A mountain can affect climate by
  1. absorbing more solar energy at the peak than at the base of the mountain.
  2. causing precipitation to fall mostly on one side of the mountain.
  3. pushing a cool air mass back out over the ocean.
  4. interfering with air currents and affecting Earth's rotation.
Which of the following is an example of a climate region?
  1. tropical
  2. sunny
  3. snowy
  4. rainy
Which of these is NOT a factor that is considered when describing the climate of a region?
  1. distance from the ocean
  2. the number of mountains nearby
  3. the population of the region
  4. the amount of precipitation
The state of Earth's atmosphere at a certain time and place is called
  1. precipitation.
  2. meteorology.
  3. climate.
  4. weather.
Which of the following cloud types are white, billowy, and resemble piles of cotton puffs in the sky?
  1. cumulus
  2. stratus
  3. cirrus
  4. lenticular
Whirling funnel-shaped cloud over land with very low pressure at the funnel's bottom.
  1. cyclone
  2. anti-cyclone
  3. water spout
  4. tornado
If you wake up and notice a gray cloudy day and light rain is falling, which type of cloud would you expect to see?
  1. cumulus
  2. stratus
  3. cirrus
  4. cirrostratus
What type of front forms when an active cold front overtakes a warm front, producing a complex weather pattern?
  1. warm front
  2. cold front
  3. occluded front
  4. stationary front
Air that moves across Earth's surface due to differences in pressure is called                .
  1. wind
  2. air pressure
  3. ozone
A circular pattern of updrafts, downdrafts, and wind is
  1. a weather pattern.
  2. a convection cell.
  3. the Coriolis effect.
  4. an isobar.
Produced by cumulonimbus clouds when a cold front meets a warm front.
  1. water sprout
  2. typhoon
  3. thunderstorm
  4. hurricane
Global winds seem to travel in curved paths because of                    .
  1. convection cells
  2. warmer air
  3. the Coriolis effect
  4. colder air
A line on a weather map connecting locations with equal air pressure is called
  1. an anemometer.
  2. an isobar.
  3. a sea breeze.
  4. the Coriolis effect.
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